Family-Based Immigration from Canada to the US: A Comprehensive Guide

Are you a Canadian citizen looking to move to the US through family-based immigration? The process can be complex, but we’ve gathered everything you need to know in this detailed guide. Learn about the requirements, procedures, and opportunities for Canadian citizens to immigrate to the United States under family-based categories.

Table of Contents

  1. Introduction to Family-Based Immigration
  2. Eligibility Criteria
  3. Application Process
  4. Visa Categories
  5. Fees and Costs
  6. Legal Assistance
  7. Useful Resources

Introduction to Family-Based Immigration

Family-based immigration allows Canadian citizens to move to the United States through familial relationships with US citizens or lawful permanent residents. USCIS is the government agency responsible for managing this program.

Eligibility Criteria

Family-based immigration is available for:

  • Spouses of US citizens
  • Unmarried children under 21
  • Parents of US citizens (if the petitioner is over 21)
  • Other family members under certain categories

Check the official guidelines to understand specific eligibility.

Application Process

  1. Petition Filing: The US citizen or permanent resident family member must file Form I-130.
  2. Approval: Wait for USCIS approval.
  3. Visa Application: Apply for a visa through the US Embassy in Canada.
  4. Medical Exam and Interview: Attend the required appointments.
  5. Visa Approval: Wait for visa approval and move to the US.

Visa Categories

Family-based immigration visas are divided into two main categories:

  • Immediate Relative Visas: These are unlimited and include spouses, unmarried children under 21, and parents of US citizens.
  • Family Preference Visas: These are limited and include other family members.

Learn more about these categories.

Fees and Costs

Costs may include filing fees, medical exams, and other miscellaneous expenses. Check the latest fee schedule.

Legal Assistance

Consider consulting with an immigration lawyer familiar with US immigration law. Here’s a list of resources to find a suitable legal representative.

Useful Resources


Family-based immigration from Canada to the US is a viable option for eligible Canadian citizens. By understanding the eligibility criteria, application process, and associated costs, you can make informed decisions and smoothly navigate the process